All posts tagged nvidia

Well compared to Kali, installing Nvidia drivers here is a breeze. As this distro is based on ubuntu rather than debian we have a fairly simple way to install the driver.

I could not find any backbox specific post anywhere hence this quick tutorial. Also, this applies to Ubuntu distro as well. Just follow these simple steps rather than long elaborative tutorials you find anywhere else.

Installation

To select a different driver, or if the above doesn’t work:

 

Verify the installation

The last thing to do is verify that the nvidia drivers are loaded and working. Run the lspci command again and this time the kernel driver should show nvidia

Check the last line which says “kernel driver in use: nvidia”. This shows that nvidia drivers are now in action. Also check hardware acceleration with the glxinfo command

The OpenGL renderer string should be anything other than “MESA”. Then it indicates that the hardware drivers are being used for hardware acceleration.

You can just also run the following command on the terminal to see if its working:

 

I hope this works out for you too!

 

Well, last week we covered how to install nvidia drivers on Kali 2.0 i.e. sana. This time I’m here to update it to the latest of the latest version. The tutorial is pretty easy to follow. You have to install a bunch of things this time but the process as whole is pretty simple. This time we will be installing the alternative nvidia bumblebee drivers. So here it goes.

Now the steps here are pretty simple. If you need a detailed guide. Hit me up!

Analyze the system

First step is to know the system thoroughly, first check nvidia card

lspci -v | egrep -i 'vga|3d|nvidia' | grep -i 'nvidia'

this should return something like bellow, which will give you a brief information about your nvidia GPU, some recent GPU shows them as 3D controllers.

01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation GF108M [GeForce GT 540M] (rev ff) (prog-if ff)

Now check the currently loaded nouveau (free nvidia driver) module and vga_switcheroo module,

lsmod | grep -i 'nouveau'
lsmod | grep -i 'vga_switcheroo'

Unload nouveau modules and install bbswitch

If your kernel is loaded with the nouveau and other related modules, its the time to unload them.

sudo modprobe -r nouveau
sudo modprobe -r vga_switcheroo

Lets install bbswitch and related components to compile it. Installing bbswitch with dkms will automatically compile proper kernel module after any future kernel update.

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade 
apt-get dist-upgrade
apt-get update
apt-get upgrade 
modprobe -r nouveau 
modprobe -r vga_switcheroo
apt-get install gcc make linux-headers-$(uname -r)
apt-get install dksm bbswitch-dkms 
apt-get install dkms bbswitch-dkms 
modprobe bbswitch load_state=0

Created /etc/modprobe.d/nouveau-blacklist.conf and added “blacklist nouveau” with out quotes

nano /etc/modprobe.d/nouveau-blacklist.conf

nano /etc/modules
Install/Run these commands in sequential order:
apt-get install nvidia-kernel-dkms nvidia-xconfig nvidia-settings
apt-get install nvidia-vdpau-driver vdpau-va-driver mesa-utils
apt-get install bumblebee-nvidia 
sudo dpkg -i /root/Downloads/virtualgl_2.5_amd64.deb 
usermod -aG bumblebee $USER
service bumblebeed restart 
apt-get install devscripts
apt-get build-dep bumblebee
apt-get source bumblebee
sed -i 's/"Xorg"/"\/usr\/lib\/xorg\/Xorg"/' bumblebee-3.2.1/src/bbsecondary.h
bumblebee-3.2.1/
dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc -nc
dpkg -i ../bumblebee_3.2.1-10_amd64.deb 
service bumblebeed restart 
reboot

Uncommented BusID “PCI:01:00:0” and replace the 1 with the number you get from lspci

nano /etc/bumblebee/xorg.conf.nvidia
service bumblebeed restart
optirun -v -b virtualgl -c jpeg glxgears
apt-get install freeglut3-dev libxmu-dev libpcap-dev

nano ~/.bashrc
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/VirtualGL/bin:/usr/local/cuda-7.5/bin
optirun -v -b virtualgl -c jpeg glxgears
optirun -vv glxgears
chmod +x Downloads/cuda_7.5.18_linux.run 
./Downloads/cuda_7.5.18_linux.run --override compiler

 

nano /etc/ld.so.conf
ldconfig
apt-get install libcuda1
cd /root/NVIDIA_CUDA-7.5_Samples/1_Utilities/deviceQuery/
make
optirun ./deviceQuery

Usage

To run your application with the discrete NVIDIA card run in the terminal:

optirun [options] <application> [application-parameters]
For example:

optirun firefox
For a list of options for optirun execute:

optirun --help

Normally you do not use optirun for your window manager, installations, or other non-graphic, resource intensive programs. The optirun command is mainly used for graphic demanding programs (ex. games).

Testing the difference between Intel and the new Nvidia graphics?

After rebooting the system, test the sample glxgears program.

optirun -vv glxgears

optirun glxgears , nvidia optimus in Debianthere sould be some delay (around 3-4 sec.) before starting glxgears, if it returns around or over 1000 FPS performance, that means NVIDIA optimus is working properly. For more information about optirun command, see the man page, man optirun , and run optirun with different arguments, like

optirun -v -b virtualgl -c jpeg glxgears

A more detailed testing and benchmarking the NVIDIA GPU could be done with furmark , which returns more accurate result than this simple glxgears test.

http://fixmynix.com/install-and-configure-nvidia-optimus-with-bumblebee-in-debian/

 

Following the official documentation for installing Nvidia driver on Kali 2.0 didn’t work for me. I installed nvidia-kernel-dkms, disabled nouveau driver, and rebooted. Then I had an error saying Something went wrong.. and presented with only a logout button. I was unable to login to the graphical interface. So I dug every bit of information in the internet and finally installed NVIDIA driver (361.28) on Kali (kernel 4.0.0).

Preparation

First, download the driver for your GPU. To know which driver to download, run lspci | grep -E "VGA|3D" command. It will show the GPU you currently have. Mine is GeForce GT 740M. Then look for the appropriate driver for your GPU at Nvidia website. Here are the archives for 64 bit and 32 bit system. After downloading the driver, place it somewhere in your home folder – we will be needing it later. Make it executable chmod +x ~/Downloads/NVIDIAxxxx.run.

Next, install the linux headers:

  • apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y && apt-get dist-upgrade -y
  • aptitude -r install linux-headers-$(uname -r) Where -r means install all recommended packages as well.

 

If you have installed nvidia-kernel-dkms earlier, remove it and all nvidia packages by apt-get remove nvidia* --purge.

Disable nouveau driver

Create a file /etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-installer-disable-nouveau.conf and paste the following lines:

 Stop X server

We need to stop the X server so we can run the Nvidia installer. Kali2.0 uses gdm by default. You can stop the X server by stopping gdm systemctl stop gdm. Another way is to hit Ctrl+Alt+Backspace. You can also try the methods suggestedhere in case previous methods don’t work.

If nothing works then just restart. As you have already disabled nouveau, your kernel won;t be able to load X server or the nouveau driver.

Backup your xorg.conf file (optional)

cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.backup

Chances are, there won’t be any file to backup.

Install Nvidia Driver

Now, cd into the directory where the installer is located. Then run the installer ./NVIDIAxxxx.run -a. Just accept whatever the installer asks. For 64 bit systems, you might encounter a question about 32bit libs, just ignore it.

After the installation completes, we need to disable the nouveau driver and configure the X server.

Configure X server

(From the Arch wiki )

Then, configure xorg.conf. You will need to know the PCI address of the NVIDIA card, which you can find by issuing lspci | grep -E "VGA|3D". The PCI address is the first 7 characters of the line that mentions NVIDIA. It will look something like01:00.0. In the xorg.conf, you will need to format it as #:#:#; e.g. 01:00.0 would be formatted as 1:0:0.

In my case, the bus id for my GPU was 04:00.0.

Now, you can take the backup of the conf file created while installing Nvidia driver but it is 100% useless and will not work.

Edit/create the file /etc/X11/xorg.conf and add the following lines after removing any other text that is there in that file.

Then create a file /usr/share/gdm/greeter/autostart/display_setup.desktop and paste the following lines:

Reboot and you should be good to go.

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